Skin biopsies are commonly done for suspicious lesions that could be linked to cancer. They can also be done for confirmatory diagnosis for disorders like psoriasis, eczema, warts, or other inflammatory conditions. About 90% of nonmelanoma skin cancers are caused by UV radiation exposure from sunlight, like squamous cell or basal cell carcinoma. According to the American Society of Clinical Oncology in 2020 there were 324,635 people diagnosed with melanoma worldwide. It is the 5th most common cancer in men and women.
Shave: Using this technique a provider removes the top layers called epidermis and dermis of the suspicious skin or lesion
Punch: Using this technique a provider can remove a deeper portion of the skin, if needed, using this method which includes the superficial fat layer
Excisional: Using this technique a provider removes an entire area of abnormal skin including some normal skin called the safety margin; these are usually referred out due to their severity.
Using sunscreen, avoiding tanning beds, avoiding outdoor sunbathing, regularly checking your skin, and noting any new or abnormal skin lesions. Contact your doctor if you have any suspicious lesions.
Use this acronym to monitor lesions:
B border irregularity
C color variation within the lesion, it can have multiple shades
D diameter can be as big as 6 mm but smaller lesions are possible if diagnosed sooner
E evolving skin lesions from size, shape, or color
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